Manager: Prof.ssa Barbara Betti
This area is deeply rooted in the history of Politecnico and is characterized as having always been a promoter of advanced research themes, both at the national and international level. Following the developments in the fields of electronics and informatics, the evolution in the topics regarding earth observation and data acquisition through images has lead to the establishment of a new frontier for this area, which is nowadays known as Geomatics.
The main research lines include subjects such as Physical and Mathematical Geodesy, surveying methodologies based on Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), Photogrammetric and Remote Sensing techniques, Digital Cartography and Geographical Information Systems (GIS).
Regarding Physical and Mathematical Geodesy, the on-going research projects cover the main themes of these disciplines: Boundary Value Problem (BVP) analysis and Earth gravity field estimate, both at regional and global level; the latter activity is based on the exploitation of satellite gradiometry data, namely from the GOCE mission. Furthermore, these activities are carried on in the frame of the International Service for the Geoid (ISG), an official service of the International Association of Geodesy based at Politecnico di Milano.
Research projects regarding GNSS Survey techniques are on-going at both methodological and application level. Also in this field, original approaches have been and are being studied to analyse GNSS data acquired by different operational procedures.
Activities in the field of Digital Photogrammetry are mainly focused on studies related to automatic matching techniques and close-range applications.
In the area of Digital Cartography and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), research projects are directed at studying problems involving standardization, interoperability and its various aspects, data quality analysis and WebGIS / GIS for Mobile applications.
It has to be underlined that all the described activities share a common ground represented by the stochastic modeling of data and by the use of stochastic prediction and inference methods. These fundamental aspects, on which research work is also carried on, represent a basis for all the activities, leading to substantial contributions both in the methodological approach and in numerical applications.
Since long time, co-operation with other research areas within Politecnico has been established; in particular there are strong connections with the modeling and simulation area and with the signal analysis and remote sensing area at DEIB (Department of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering). At the Italian national level, long-time partnerships have been established with Italian Space Agency (ASI); National Research Council (CNR); National Institute for Geophysics and Volcanism (INGV); National Institute for Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics (OGS); Military Geographic Institute (IGM).
At the international level, the most important co-operations are with: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece; Niels Bohr Institut - University of Copenhagen, Denmark; University of Calgary, Canada; Universidad de Jaén, Spain; Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brasil; Stuttgart University, Germany; Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), based in Italy; European Space Agency (ESA); Joint Research Centre (JRC); National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA).
Technology Transfer activities are on-going with ENI, based on gravimetric data analysis for oil exploration, and with a large number of public authorities and private companies.